Growth stimulants for plants

The growth and development of crops depends on the synthesis of phytohormones. These are low molecular weight compounds that are produced by plant cells. Phytohormones are formed in one part of the plant, then transported to another. This causes a growth and shaping effect. Natural growth hormones stimulate the emergence of seedlings, growth, flowering, budding and ripening of fruits.

Specialists in the scientific field have learned how to synthesize analogs of compounds. The competent use of stimulants and crop growth regulators ensures high yields even with poor soil quality and adverse weather conditions. Phytohormones are conventionally divided into three categories: growth regulators, plant growth stimulants, inhibitors or growth retardants.

Stimulants

There are three types of compounds: auxins, cytokinins, gibberellins. The first type is formed in the upper part of the shoots and at the ends of the root system of plants. Auxins affect cell division and growth. The apical dominance depends on the compounds, the substances stimulate the growth of the main stem, slow down the development of lateral shoots.

Stimulators

Auxins

Auxins that have been synthesized in scientific laboratories are indole derivatives. Solutions of indolyl-tri-acetic acid, indolyl-tri-butyric acid, and their analogues are used in agricultural activities. The funds, which are based on indole derivatives, are used by farmers to stimulate the formation of a powerful root system. The compositions are used for rooting cuttings, planting seedlings, transplanting seedlings, shrubs.

Auxins are used to treat plants at the initial stage of flowering. This improves pollination of flowers, increases the rate of formation and increases the number of ovaries. The formulations are used for processing tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, and fruit trees.

The compounds have an effect on the frost resistance of crops. Therefore, at the risk of frost in the spring, flowering berry bushes, fruit trees, and strawberry bushes are treated with auxins.

Cytokinins

Hormones are formed at the ends of the root system, in seeds, fruits of crops. The compounds work in combination with auxins or gibberellins. At different stages of growth, they have a stimulating effect on the development of green mass, flowering, fruit setting.

Hormones are responsible for the division of plant cells, slow down the aging process. This feature is used in agriculture when growing leafy vegetables. The compounds contribute to the formation of lateral shoots, the development of the root system.

With a sharp decrease, too high a temperature, after the invasion of pests, it is recommended to treat plants with cytokinin-based products. They have an anti-stress effect. The formulations help to quickly restore the green mass of crops and ensure accelerated growth. Cytokinins help plants overcome various negative external influences: drought, flooding, etc.

Gibberellins

During the seed germination period, the main release of gibberellins occurs. The compound has a stimulating effect and helps the seeds to come out of a dormant state.

Therefore, the hormone is used for germination. It is used not only for processing seeds in a deep state of rest, but also bulbs, tubers. The substance helps to form the root system. Gibberellin-based products are actively used to stimulate the formation of fruits. Therefore, tomatoes, cucumbers, fruit trees, and shrubs are often treated with compounds.

Processing in the bud formation phase, at the beginning of flowering, helps the ovaries to form even under bad weather conditions: low or high temperature, high humidity, when crops have a decrease in the ability to pollinate.

Compositions containing gibberellins improve the development of green mass, the formation of lateral shoots. The compound increases the size of the leaves, increases the length of the shoots. This property is important for leafy types of vegetables and ornamental plants.

Daminoside

The hormone is obtained artificially. The compounds are converted into succinic acid after entering plant cells. Properties of the substance:

  • reduces the production of gibberellins. If the plants are treated at an early stage of growth, this will ensure the formation of compact crops with small internodes. This feature is appreciated by color lovers and is necessary when processing seedlings from overgrowth;
  • processing during flowering increases its duration and ensures good fruit setability.

Daminoside products are used for potatoes during flowering to improve yields. They are suitable for processing trees during fruit ripening, which improves their quality and reduces the number of pests.

Brassinosteroids

Hormones are synthesized in flowers and young shoots of plants. The maximum amount of the compound in the pollen. Brassinosteroids act as anti-stress substances. They are suitable for processing seeds, bulbs to improve growth and cuttings to stimulate root development.

Growth regulators

Natural compounds have a mild effect, unlike artificially created compounds. Common Growth Regulators:

  1. Succinic acid. Products with this compound develop the ground mass, they will accelerate the flowering process, fruit setability and ensure the resistance of crops to diseases.
  2. Amino acids. These substances help plants independently synthesize phytohormones, which are required at the stage of growth and development. Products with a high concentration of amino acids are used for seed treatment, fertilizing crops in different phases: during germination, after transplantation, during the formation of flowers and fruits.
  3. Triterpenic acids. Substances help plants fight harmful bacteria and viruses. They strengthen the natural immunity of crops, ensure growth, and improve yields.

For the growth of seedlings, seedlings are often used products containing dimethylphosphate dimethyldi-(2-hydroxyethyl), which quickly decomposes into nitrogen and phosphorus. The elements are well absorbed by plants and ensure the rapid development of crops: green mass and roots.

Plant growth

Inhibitors and retardants

Compounds slow down the growth and development of crops. Inhibitors are synthesized by plants during adverse conditions: temperature drop, drought, etc. Example: if there is no precipitation for a long period, abscisic acid is synthesized in plants. It provokes the folding of leaves, which reduces the loss of moisture by the plant. Acid-based products ensure synchronous ripening of the crop. They are used by farmers in farm fields.

Retardants and chlorinated chloride

Retardants are artificially created synthetic compounds that inhibit the growth of shoots and stems. It is one of the types of growth stimulants for plants.

Chlorometachloride is an artificially synthesized compound that stops the production of gibberellins in plant cells. After treatment with preparations with chlorinated chloride, culture resources are distributed differently. Plants stop vegetative development and spend all their energy on flowering and fruiting. The growth of the main stem stops, and lateral shoots begin to develop. Photosynthesis and the absorbing capabilities of the root system are enhanced in crops.

Action and features of retardants:

    Retardants are used in the cultivation of nightshade seedlings, including tomatoes. The formulations prevent unwanted overgrowth of plants. Treatment with drugs helps to create compact crops with numerous lateral shoots, small internodes;
  • the products ensure the resistance of plants to diseases. After treatment with retardants, crops become stressed. Side effect – mobilization of immune forces;
  • chlorinated chloride and other types improve the taste of vegetables. Fruits accumulate a large amount of vitamins and aromatic compounds.

Universal remedy – "TAL-15"

Organomineral and organic fertilizers are actively used in the agricultural sector. Among the novelties, TAL-15 stands out, which is based on biologically active compounds obtained from Siberian larch. The main component of the drug is dihydroquercetin. The element provides plants with immunity, stress resistance, stimulates seed germination and plant growth.

The drug is available in the form of an emulsion. It is suitable for use in large agro-industrial complexes, farms and suburban areas. "TAL-15" can be used with pesticides, complex mineral fertilizers.

The effect of the remedy:

  • increasing yields up to 30%;
  • increasing the percentage of germination of seeds;
  • strengthening the root system of crops, increasing the size of leaves, green mass;
  • stress relief from the use of pesticides;
  • increased frost resistance and drought resistance;
  • reduction of the ripening period of agricultural crops to 15 days;
  • improvement of product quality.

TAL-15 is an affordable and environmentally friendly drug. The use of the product allows you to reduce the cost of agricultural products by increasing the volume of harvest, abandoning other drugs for growth and fertilization.

The use of stimulants, regulators or complex formulations ("TAL-15") ensures a guaranteed high yield regardless of weather conditions. To get the desired effect, you must strictly follow the instructions provided with the tool. Processing is carried out during strictly defined periods.

Kocherga Valentin Andreevich — Project manager
With respect,
Kocherga Valentin Andreevich
Project manager
Application rates

500-1000 kg per 1 ha - grains and industrial crops

from 5,000 rub. per 1 ha


1000-2000 kg per 1 ha - potatoes and vegetables

from 10,000 rub. per 1 ha


Nutrients
Nitrogen
5%
General phosphorus
4%
Total potassium
4%
Application rates

250-350 kg per 1 ha – grains and industrial crops

from 4,500 rub. per 1 ha


500-800 kg per 1 ha - potatoes and vegetables

from 8,000 rub. per 1 ha


Nutrients
Nitrogen
6%
General phosphorus
4%
Total potassium
4%
Application rates

from 150 kg per 1 ha – grains and industrial crops

from 4,000 rub. per 1 ha


Nutrients
Nitrogen
Phosphorus
Potassium
Application rates

from 100 kg per 1 ha – grains and industrial crops

from 4,000 rub. per 1 ha


Nutrients
Nitrogen
Phosphorus
Potassium
Application rates

from 100 kg per 1 ha – grains and industrial crops

from 4,000 rub. per 1 ha


Nutrients
Nitrogen
Phosphorus
Potassium
Application rates

Application rate: 200-300 ml per 1 hectare. Pre-sowing seed treatment. Consumption: 10 liters per ton

starting from 2,000 rubles per liter.


Nutrients
Application rates

Working solution consumption 10 l per 1 ton

from 118 rub. for 1 l. (without VAT)


Nutrients
Humic and fulvic acids
Macro and microelements
Vitamins
Application rates

The consumption of the working solution is 200 liters per hectare

At a rate of 118 rubles per 1 liter (excluding VAT)


Nutrients
Humic and fulvic acids
Macro and microelements
Vitamins
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